班主任工作经验总结【视频】【报刊阅读】驯服巨人——谷歌、Facebook和亚马逊-英美报刊慕课平台

发布时间: 3年前 (2019-05-04)浏览: 117
【视频】【报刊阅读】驯服巨人——谷歌、Facebook和亚马逊-英美报刊慕课平台武圣传奇
崔心心
亲爱的慕课人:
本课为《经济学人》杂志中讲科技巨头和新时代的免费式垄断,译文为官方译文。
Google, Facebook and Amazon are increasingly dominant. How should they be controlled?
谷歌、Facebook和亚马逊的统治力越来越强。该如何控制它们?
Taming the titans 驯服巨人
tame [te?m] adj. 驯服的;平淡的;乏味的;顺从的
vt. 驯养;使变得平淡;制服
vi. 变得驯服
Titan [ta?tn] n.巨人;提坦;太阳神


Competition and technology
竞争与科技
Taming the titans
驯服巨人

1
势力过大,发出警告
NOT long ago, being the boss of a big Western tech firm was a dream job. As the billions rolled in, so did the plaudits: Google家和万事成 , Facebook, Amazon and others were making the world a better place. Today these companies are accused of being BAADD—big, anti-competitive, addictive and destructive to democracy. Regulators fine them, politicians grill them and one-time backers warn of their power to cause harm.
不久前,在大型西方科技公司做老板还是一份让人梦寐以求的工作。班主任工作经验总结在亿万财富滚滚而来之时,还能收获交口称赞:谷歌、Facebook、亚马逊等公司正让世界变得更加美好。而今天纸杯娃娃 ,这些公司备受指责——规模太大、反竞争、令人上瘾、破坏民主石岩公学 。监管机构对它们开出罚单,政客对它们严厉质询,曾经的支持者也发出警告,指出它们势力过大,可能造成危害。
词汇
plaudit /'pl??d付心德 ?t/ n. 喝彩;赞美
eg: They acknowledged the enthusiastic plaudits of the crowd.
他们对人群中爆发的热烈喝采答礼。
grill vt. 烧,烤;烤问vi. 烧,烤;严加盘问n. 烤架,铁格子;烤肉
eg: He was grilled until he confessed. 他被严加拷问, 直到他承认为止。
2
有失偏颇
Much of this techlash is misguided. The presumption that big businesses must necessarily be wicked is plain wrong. Apple is to be admired as the world’s most valuable listed company for the simple reason that it makes things people want to buy, even while facing fierce competition. Many online services would be worse if their providers were smaller. Evidence for the link between smartphones and unhappiness is weak. Fake news is not only an online phenomenon.
大部分对科技企业的抵制都有失偏颇。大企业一定就邪恶这种推断完全错误听说我爱过你 。世界上市值最高的上市公司苹果广受尊重赵丽宏的资料,原因很简单:即便面临激烈的竞争,苹果仍能生产出消费者愿意买单的产品炎爆慎。如果在线服务供应商的规模比实际上要小,很多服务的质量就要打折扣。没有强有力的证据证明智能手机与幸福感低之间有关联,假新闻也并非网络独有。
词汇
presumption n. 假定, 认定, 推测; <律>推定玛琪诺 , 论定; 放肆, 冒昧, 自以为是
eg: Presumption is not reality.设想不等于现实。
wick n. 灯芯,蜡烛心 vt. 依靠毛细作用带走
wicked adj. 邪恶的;恶劣的;不道德的;顽皮的
eg: That was wicked of him. 他真邪恶。
eg: It was a wicked accident. 那事故非常严重古藤园。
3
确引担忧
But big tech platforms, particularly Facebook, Google and Amazon, do indeed raise a worry about fair competition. That is partly because they often benefit from legal exemptions. Unlike publishers, Facebook and Google are rarely held responsible for what users do on them; and for years most American buyers on Amazon did not pay sales tax. Nor do the titans simply compete in a market. Increasingly, they are the market itself混沌修神诀 , providing the infrastructure (or “platforms”) for much of the digital economy. Many of their services appear to be free什邡怎么读 , but users “pay” for them by giving away their data. Powerful though they already are逆转女王 , their huge stockmarket valuations suggest that investors are counting on them to double or even triple in size in the next decade.
然而大型科技平台确实引发了对公平竞争的担忧内田真礼 ,特别是Facebook、谷歌和亚马逊。原因之一是它们经常因免于承担法律责任而受益。与出版商不同,Facebook和谷歌很少为用户在其平台上的行为负责。多年来,亚马逊上的大部分美国买家都没有支付消费税黄福水。这几个超级巨头也不只是在市场上竞争,它们正日益变成市场本身,为大部分数字经济提供基础设施(即“平台”)。它们的许多服务看似免费,但用户在交出自己的数据时实际就在“付费”了。尽管它们已经实力强大,但其巨大的市值表明,投资者期待未来十年它们的规模能再增加一倍甚至两倍马烈孙 。
词汇
exemption [?ɡ'zemp?n]n. 免除,豁免;免税
eg: Theincome taxis tobereimposednext yearafterten years'exemption.
所得税经过十年的豁免后将于明年重新征收吴启华金巧巧 。
常见搭配:
tax/duty exemption 免税
exemption clause免责条款,免究条款
exemption certificate免除证书
personal income tax exemption个人所得税免除
4
驯服巨人;任务艰巨
There is thus a justified fear that the tech titans will use their power to protect and extend their dominance, to the detriment of consumers. The tricky task for policymakers is to restrain them without unduly stifling innovation.
因此有理由担心我的恶魔哥哥,科技巨头会利用自身实力来保护和扩大它们的主导地位,进而损害消费者的利益。政策制定者面临的棘手任务是既要约束它们,又要避免过度约束而扼杀创新。
词汇
detriment ['detr?m(?)nt] n. 损害;伤害;损害物
eg: Work hard to succeed but not to the detriment of others.
在不损害他人利益的前提下为成功艰苦奋斗。
stifling ['sta?f(?)l??; 'sta?fl??] adj. 令人窒息的;沉闷的 v. 使窒息;粉碎(stifle的现在分词)
eg: I was nearly stifled by the smoke. 我差点让这些烟给憋死。

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